- Detroit Population: Total: 9,102 Black: 193 (2.1%)
William C. Monroe becomes the first regular pastor of Second Baptist
Church, the first Church founded by Detroit's African-American community.
Detroit establishes a system of free education, including one school
for 86 African-American students.
A group of African-American businessmen bring to Detroit its first two-wheeled
cabs and begin ferrying passengers.
Protestant Episcopal Mission forms and enjoys a brief time as Detroit's
most influential African-American church. Reverend William Monroe converts
and is ordained as an Episcopal priest. African-American businessman
and abolitionist/underground railroad activist William Lambert also
joins St. Matthew's as warden.
January -Enslavers attempt to apprehend escaped refugees Adam
Crosswhite and his family in Marshall, Michigan. The Crosswhites are
rescued when the local vigilance committee exerts armed resistance against
Robert Cromwell, an enslaved person of African descent, is captured in Detroit by former owner David Dunn
and an agent, was rescued through the intervention of the judge, his
clerk and a rowdy crowd, including Underground Railroad stationmasters William Lambert and George deBaptiste. Cromwell was taken to Canada while Dunn was arrested
on kidnapping charges.
November - Michigan Democrat Lewis Cass fails in bid for U.S.
presidency. His candidacy is harmed, in part, because of the prevalence
of underground railroad activity in Michigan. Many southern whites,
Democrats and Republicans, believe he harbored abolitionist sensibilities.
Reverend William King establishes the Elgin Association in Canada
West, named for Lord Elgin, governor general of Canada West. Later the
settlement is called Buxton in honor of the prominent abolitionist, Thomas Buxton.
Frederick Douglass, a prominent African-American abolitionist who had
escaped from slavery years earlier, arrives in Detroit as part of an
anti-slavery tour but fell ill and was forced to leave. Detroit is gripped
by excessive heat and organizers fear Douglass could succumb to the
recent outbreak of cholera.